<p style='text-align: justify;'>Timurid court poet and renowned Sufi ‘Abd al-Raḥman Jāmī (1414–1492) originally composed the <i>Bahāristān</i> (Spring Garden) in 892 AH (1487 CE). Modelled upon the <i>Gulistān</i> (Rose Garden) of Saʻdī, he divided it into eight chapters or 'gardens' (<i>rawz̤ah</i>) devoted to Sufi saints and philosophers, the topics of justice, generosity, love, and comedy, as well as a highly esteemed section on poetic literature, and the last regarding animals. Remarkably, while this finely transcribed and illuminated manuscript with lavish gold-flecked marbled paper margins appears unsigned and undated, multiple notations and twenty-five seal impressions attest to its former ownership by Mughal rulers and their family since at least the reign of the Emperor Jahāngīr (b. 1569, r. 1605–1626). What may be the earliest notation suggests that the painter Miskīn (fl. 1580–1604).</p>
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