<p style='text-align: justify;'>An illustrated copy of the <i>Gūy va Chawgān</i> (Ball and Polo Stick) or <i>Ḥālnāmah</i> (Book of Ecstasy), a Sufi mystical text by ʻĀrifī Haravī (d. ca. 1449), probably completed in Shaybanid-era Bukhara in the latter half of the 16th century CE. The title and theme of the poem represents a metaphor for the lover, represented by the polo ball (<i>gūy</i>), spurned by the beloved, signified as a mallet (<i>chawgān</i>).</p>
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