Ottoman Book Culture : Bahāristān-i Jāmī

Jāmī, 1414-1492

Ottoman Book Culture

<p style='text-align: justify;'>The Timurid court poet and renowned Sufi ‘Abd al-Raḥman Jāmī (1414–1492) originally composed the Bahāristān (Spring Garden) in 892 AH (1487 CE). Modelled upon the <i>Gulistān</i> (Rose Garden) of Saʻdī, the work is divided into eight chapters or 'gardens' (<i>rawżah</i>). The first discusses Sufi saints and philosophers, then the topics of justice, generosity, love, and comedy, a highly esteemed section on poetic literature, followed by the last regarding animals.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>This manuscript was completed in 903 AH (1498 CE)—just eleven years after the original—and it is the earliest of several copies held in the John Rylands Library. It opens with a pair of elegantly illuminated roundels, the first praising the work and the author, while the second names the patron who commissioned it as Fāiḳ Pāşā. He is very likely a little-known Ottoman vizier appointed late in the second reign of Sultan Mehmed II (r. 1444–1446; 1551–1581) into that of his son and successor Sultan Beyazid II (r. 1481–1512). The roundel text praises an <i>imaret</i> and offers a prayer for the longevity of its buildings. The phrasing suggests that it was copied for a pious charitable building complex that Fāiḳ Pāşā commenced constructing in 898 AH (1492–93 CE), in Narda (now Árta, Greece), of which a mosque still survives today.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The volume was magnificently rebound in an Islamic-inspired style but using European methods, probably for subsequent owner French orientalist Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy (1758–1838) in Paris; however, it still retains a late Ottoman period protective leather pouch that is lavishly embroidered with silver and silk threads.</p>


Want to know more?

Under the 'More' menu you can find , any transcription and translation we have of the text and find out about downloading or sharing this image.

No Contents List Available
No Metadata Available

Share

If you want to share this page with others you can send them a link to this individual page:
Alternatively please share this page on social media