<p style='text-align: justify;'>The <i> Pandnāmah</i> (Book of Advice), or <i>Karīmā</i>(O Merciful!), a highly-popular book of ethical exhortations and sage advice that while erroneously attributed to Saʻdī (d. 1292), enjoyed broad circulation since at least 150 years after his death.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>Francis Gladwin (1744/5–1812) first translated it into English for use as a textbook to instruct British civil servants of the East India Company in Persian. Renowned Delhi scribe Sayyid Abū’l-Ḥasan Raz̤avī (fl. late 18th-early 19th c.), known as 'Mīr Kallan', a leading student of master calligrapher Muḥamamd Ḥafīẓ Khān (d. 1780) completed this small volume in 1800.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>Featuring elaborately illuminated opening pages, a stationer-copyist replaced four missing folios before rebinding it in a hybrid British-Indian style.</p>
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