<p style='text-align: justify;'>This Persian work on ethics entitled <i>Guldastah-'i Akhlāq</i> (Bouquets of Ethics), appears to be the sole surviving copy by Hindu author and statesman Kirpa Rām (1832-1876) (also known as Kripa Rām). The author delineates the various chapters and parts as 'bouquets' and 'branches' in keeping with his other known works, and concludes the work with a panegyric poem. A son of the governor of Kashmir, in 1856 at the age of 24, Mahārajah Ranbir Singh (b. 1830, r. 1856–1885), the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir, appointed him to be his personal secretary, then later Prime Minister in 1862, and ultimately succeeded his father as Governor of Kashmir in 1865. The date of completion in 1854, would be early in his career, and may not only be written by the author himself, but also possibly presented by him to prior owner Colonel George William Hamilton, or even composed on his behalf. </p>
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