Persian Manuscripts : Ḥadīqat al-Ḥaqīqat va Sharī‘at al-Ṭarīqat, Fakhrīnāmah, Ilāhīnāmah

Persian Manuscripts

<p style='text-align: justify;'> This volume of the <i>Ḥadīqat al-Ḥaqīqat va Sharī‘at al-Ṭarīqat</i> (Garden of Truth and Rules of the Way) by Ḥakīm Sanāʼī Ghaznavī (d. ca. 1150) appears to be the earliest copy of the full form of this work in ten thematic chapters. The author's style tremendously impacted later poets, especially Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī. After the poet's death in circa 1130, his patron, the ruler of the of Gaznavid empire Sulṭān Bahrām Shāh bin Mas‘ūd (b. 1084, r. 1117–52) ordered Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Raffāʻ (fl. mid-late 12th c.) to compile an edition incorporating the variant redactions, to which he added a preface. The versions he consulted include a much shorter one entitled <i>Fakhrīnāmah</i> (Book of Fakhrī, a likely allusion to his patron's honorific <i>Fakhr al-Dawlah</i> (Pride of the State), of which a manuscript completed in 552/1157 (Istanbul, Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi, Bağdatlı Vehbi Ef. no. 1672) survives, while another early volume held in a private collection bears the title <i>Ilāhīnāmah</i> (Book of the Divine), by which the later poet Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī referred to the work, and which appears in the header of this volume on page <a dir='auto' href='' onclick='store.loadPage(11);return false;'>3</a>.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'> The poet also reportedly completed a third, longer version comprised of 10,000 couplets that he sent to a friend in Baghdad named Burhān al-Dīn Biryāngar, mentioned in the conclusion, and the number of lines would comport with this volume. A scribe named Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥabīb ibn Abī Ishaq bin Abī Mas‘ūd completed this manuscript at the end of Shavvāl 681 AH (early February 1283 CE) for Pūlād bin Nūr al-Dīn Jibrā'īl bin Jājā (fl. 13th century), the son of an Ilkhanid-era governor Kırşehir in Anatolia, and a follower of Rumi's grandson and spiritual successor Ūlū ‘Ārif Chalabī (1272-1320) based in nearby Konya.</p>

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