<p style='text-align: justify;'>Thomas Macklin, 1752-1800's Bible was published serially between 1791 and 1800 in London.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The project was one several ambitious projects that commissioned paintings of literary subjects, exhibited them at their premises, and sold engravings, and/or editions of the relevant text including the engravings, after the paintings by subscription. These ‘literary galleries’ sought to be both commercial printselling projects for the proprietors, and to foster British history painting, aligning with the ambitions of the Royal Academy to encourage a native school of painting in this genre. The foremost literary gallery was Boydell’s Shakespeare Gallery, which operated between 1789 and 1805.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>Thomas Macklin's literary gallery project began with the Poets’ Gallery, which opened in 1788 at his premises on Pall Mall. Although Macklin’s gallery opened a year before Boydell’s, it is probable that Macklin was inspired by the Shakespeare project, which had been announced in 1786. At the Poets’ Gallery, Macklin was exhibited paintings by eminent British artists of great works of English poetry, which, as with Boydell’s Shakespeare pictures, were engraved for sale by subscription. The Poets’ Gallery continued to operate until 1796.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>In 1789, the year after he opened the Poets’ Gallery, Macklin issued a prospectus, explaining that from the following year he would add scripture pictures to his exhibition, which would be reproduced in “a magnificent Bible.” The scripture pictures were exhibited at the Poets' Gallery's annual exhibitions between 1790 and 1796. The paintings were engraved as full-page plates for the Old and New Testaments. A handful of the 70 full-page plates were based on pictures that did not appear in Macklin's exhihibitions.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The paintings were dispersed at sales of Macklin's stock at Peter Coxe, 1753-1844's auction house on 5 May 1800 and 29 May 1801. Many are now lost. Surviving paintings are in public and private collections in the United Kingdom, the USA, Canada and Australia.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>In addition to its full-page plates, the Bible included head and tailpieces for each biblical book – 113 in total. All but two of the vignettes were designed by Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg, 1740-1812, who also painted 16 pictures for the full-page plates. The drawings for the vignettes were purchased by the publisher Robert Bowyer, 1758-1834 and inserted into an extra-illustrated copy of the Macklin Bible, which is now in the collection of <a target='_blank' class='externalLink uom-purple' href='https://www.boltonlams.co.uk/'>Bolton Libraries and Museums</a>.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>In common with the other literary galleries of the period, Macklin's Bible project was a commercial failure, owing to a combination of poor business decisions and wider economic factors. The Bible was nevertheless celebrated as a fine production and for its patronage of artists. A second edition of the Old and New Testaments was published by Cadell & Davies in 1824 using the original plates, and the designs were widely copied in nineteenth century Bibles published in Britain in North America.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The full-page plates and headpiece and tailpiece vignettes were published by Macklin, and the text was printed for Macklin by Thomas Bensley 1760?–1835. The type was cut by Joseph Jackson 1733-1792 and Vincent Figgins 1770-1844, Jackon's apprentice. The paper was made by Whatman.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The instructions to the binder recommended binding the set in six volumes, but this set, like many others, was bound in seven. The Apocrypha, published by Cadell & Davies in 1816, is Volume 8 of this set.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>This volume contains the books of Acts to Revelation. The volume includes 9 full-page plates by various artists and engravers, published between 1 March 1794 and 20 October 1800; and 42 headpiece (23) and tailpiece (19) vignettes designed by Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg, 1740-1812, by various engravers. Most of the vignettes are not dated - the earliest date is 15 June 1800 (headpiece to Romans) and the latest is 4 December 1800 (headpiece to Jude). The publisher of the tailpiece to Jude is given as "H. Macklin" - i.e. Thomas Macklin's (1752-1800) wife, Hannah (née Kenting, d. 1808). All other plates and vignettes are give Thomas as the publisher. The latest vignette bearing Thomas' name is the headpiece to 2 Thessalonians, dated 29 October 1800. Thomas Macklin, 1752-1800 died on 25 October 1800, shortly before the Bible was completed. Hannah Macklin oversaw the publication of the final vignettes.</p>
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